Tuesday, December 17, 2013

New Report Reflects Trends in Long Term, Post-Acute Care Centers

By Dave Kyllo

The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) recently released its new report profiling the nursing home (SNF/NF), residential care communities (assisted living), hospice, home health agency and adult day services center industries.  This “first of its kind” report will be published every two years going forward with updated data.

The report contains a number of data points including usage.  On any given day, there are 26 individuals per 1,000 people aged 65 and older residing in nursing centers and 15 individuals per 1,000 age 65 and older living in residential care settings.  Using the same metric, home health agencies had the highest utilization with 94 individuals per 1,000 and adult day services had the least with four individuals.  The figure for hospice is 28 individuals per 1,000 age 65 and older.

Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias are most prevalent in nursing centers representing 48.5 percent of the population, followed by hospice with 44.3% of all residents.  Residential care communities were third with 39.6 % of residents.

Across all settings (hospice data was not available), bathing is the most common activity of daily living that people need assistance with followed by dressing, then toileting and then eating.  Figures for transferring were not included.

The report, titled “Long-Term Care Services in the United States: 2013 Overview,” contains numerous other statistics and can be found here. Surveys were conducted of the residential care and adult day services industries.  Administrative data was used to compile statistics for the other three industries.  All data is from 2012.  NCHS will begin collecting data for its next report in 2014. 

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